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The Social and Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining ...

effects of coal fired power stations with inadequate pollution control, and coal miners suffering the effects of silicosis, tuberculosis and other occupational diseases. Coal mining in South Africa It was mining that gave South Africa its current shape through processes from the 1880s to 1910.

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Coal in South Africa - Wikipedia

Economic impact. More than a quarter of coal mined in South Africa is exported, most of which leaves the country via Richards Bay. Coal is South Africa's third largest source of foreign exchange; platinum being the largest and gold second. Around 15% of the country's GDP .

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How is Climate Change affecting South Africa? - From ...

And now South Africa also has to respond to the impacts of climate change by reducing emissions and helping poor people adapt to the changing climate. Energy production is a particular concern. South Africa's dependency on coal-fired power stations has already resulted in a yearly per capita emission rate of about 10 tons of carbon dioxide, 43 percent higher than the global average.

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(PDF) Coal mining and the environment - ResearchGate

Coal mining and the environment. The primary impacts arise from mining, particularly underground mining, largely because South African coal mines are relatively shallow. Coal washing gives rises to large waste dumps, which may ignite spontaneously and cause air pollution. Water pollution arises from some abandoned mines and waste dumps.

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Health impacts of coal-fired power generation in South .

• Coal fired power generation is a major source of air pollution in South Africa • This pollution has a serious impact on health, equivalent to 2,200 attributable deaths per year, and associated ill health • Total costs associated with these impacts exceed $2 billion annually • These impacts should be considered in future energy policy 22

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End Coal | Coal Mining

Today communities around the world – in countries as diverse as China, India, the United States, Indonesia, Australia, Colombia and South Africa – are rising up to oppose new coal mines and demand reparations and restoration for the impacts to their livelihoods and the natural environment.

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About coal mining impacts | Greenpeace International

When coal mines move in, whole communities are forced off their land by expanding mines, coal fires, subsidence, and overused and contaminated water supplies. Mines are quick to dig up and destroy forests and soils. But once the coal is gone, the problems they leave behind, like acid mine drainage, can persist for decades.

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Coal and Water Pollution | Union of Concerned Scientists

Mining operations can negatively impact water supplies, often with long-lasting effects. The fundamental issue involves contamination of nearby rivers, lakes, and aquifers by what comes out of a coal mine—usually highly acidic water containing heavy metals like arsenic, copper, and lead. The process is known as acid mine drainage.It happens when certain substances (typically iron sulfide ...

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What Is The Environmental Impact Of The Coal Industry ...

Apr 25, 2017 · The coal industry has a significantly negative environmental impact on the land, water, and air. It is responsible for producing pollution such as ash, sludge, slurry, arsenic, mercury, uranium, and other heavy metals that pollute the air and waterways.

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ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH IMPACTS OF MINING IN .

thousands of sites in Africa contaminated by mining and associated mine dumps such as tailings and slag material. On the other hand, the number of studies focused on the impacts of mining and mineral processing on the environment and human health in Africa have increased significantly during the last decade. However,

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Makhado mine: flashpoint for tensions over South Africa's ...

Jan 26, 2017 · However, official estimates suggest that South Africa has reserves of 53bn tonnes of coal, enough for "200 years" at present production rates. Between a quarter and a third of coal mined in ...

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How is Climate Change affecting South Africa? - From ...

And now South Africa also has to respond to the impacts of climate change by reducing emissions and helping poor people adapt to the changing climate. Energy production is a particular concern. South Africa's dependency on coal-fired power stations has already resulted in a yearly per capita emission rate of about 10 tons of carbon dioxide ...

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How is the mining of coal impacts on biodiversity in South ...

Consequently, the health of this river system is also relevant to South Africa's international obligations. All of these users will be affected should a source of those rivers be compromised." In short a proposed mine could end up affecting not only the water of South Africa, but also our neighboring countries.

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Coal industry thriving, but at what social and health cost?

Nov 01, 2012 · Partners. But a lack of local evidence about the health impact of the coal industry should give us all cause for thought. With the highest density of coal mining activity close to towns and farms in Australia (well over 30 operating mines and six active coal-fired power stations, and the largest black coal exporting port in the world),...

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The end of coal? Planning a 'just transition' in South Africa

Africa — and the likely impacts of a coal phase-out — we outline the key elements of a coal transition, including available policy mechanisms and the role of subnational governments. Coal in South Africa. South Africa today relies on coal to generate 92% of its electricity and to .

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Coal's damage is cumulative: let's assess it that way

Aug 13, 2013 · The federal government's introduction of a better assessment process for coal and CSG impacts on water makes sense. But the process is clearly not working if individual mines in an area of ...

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The environmental impact of a coal plant on Kenya's coast ...

Sep 19, 2017 · The impact study dismisses the carbon emissions from the plant as negligible on a global scale, at only 0.024% of global emissions. But what it attempts to hide is that the emissions of the coal plant alone will double Kenya's energy sector's entire CO2 emissions.

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As the World Cuts Back on Coal, a Growing Appetite in Africa

May 10, 2017 · Still, critics warn the continent's growing use of coal for power will have other harmful consequences, including the environmental impacts of mining the continent's previously unexploited ...

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Coal and the environment - U.S. Energy Information ...

Effects of coal mining. These mining operations remove the soil and rock above coal deposits, or seams. The largest surface mines in the United States are in Wyoming's Powder River Basin, where coal deposits are close to the surface and are up to 70 feet thick.

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Africa Needs Fossil Fuels to End Energy Apartheid ...

Aug 05, 2014 · Renewable energy is in Africa's future. But coal and natural gas is the future for the power-starved continent. That message from energy ministers as part of the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit yesterday came as officials also emphasized how deeply threatened the region is by climate change.

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Coal Dust: Environmental Impacts And Good Coal Dust ...

Aug 18, 2018 · Environmental impacts of coal dust While the coal industry continues to play a significant role in modern economies, consideration of environment issues including land use, air pollution, waste management and water management have been leading concerns for some environmental protection bodies as well as governments involved in coal mining.

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